Egypt’s Agriculture Growth: A Study of the Seed Sector
Jul 16 2023
This work is made possible through support of the Food & Nutrition Security Support Facility, and financed through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands.
ICARDA and the Wageningen University & Research (WUR) joined forces to assess the seed sector in Egypt and its ability to ensure food security.
Climate change, water scarcity, and rapid population growth are major threats to the agricultural sector and food production across Central and West Asia, and North Africa (CWANA), one of the most water-scarce regions in the world. To increase food production and ensure food security, it is crucial that farmers can access agricultural innovations, including high-quality seeds of new, climate-smart crop varieties resilient to emerging pests and diseases and tolerant to heat, drought, and soil salinity.
In March, ICARDA researchers alongside the WUR conducted a study, built on previous bilateral work of different organizations in the Netherlands and Egypt, to assess the performance of Egypt’s seed sector. The study encompasses ICARDA’s work in the CWANA region and the keen interest of the Egyptian Government in building partnerships for the development of a sustainable seed sector.
The assessment aimed to shed light on challenges and barriers that hamper the development of a well-functioning innovative, competitive, resilient, and inclusive seed sector in Egypt. Due to the variations in seed systems among crops in Egypt, the study focused on the seed systems of cereals, food legumes, vegetables, and potatoes, combining the key challenges and opportunities at the sector level.
Researchers identified key interconnected areas and topics for improvement in the seed sector, such as streamlining access to climate-resilient varieties – vital for both seed production and variety development. Another example is the need for a centralized and up-to-date digital seed platform, which is essential for sector coordination and production planning.
Seeds are at the core of food production so lack of access to quality seed is a key factor hindering agricultural productivity in Egypt. A well-functioning seed sector can provide such access, but only with collaboration between multiple stakeholders from the public and private sectors, civil society, and knowledge institutes both within and outside of Egypt. The assessment provides entry points for partnerships for improving seed sector performance and working towards achieving a need-driven seed sector transformation for agriculture in Egypt. It also works, towards developing a global resilient, sustainable agrifood systems model that thrives in the face of climate change.